Behavioral therapies for children and adolescents vary widely, but they all focus primarily on how some problematic thoughts or
negative behaviors may unknowingly or unintentionally get “rewarded” within a young person’s environment.
In behavior therapy, parents and children learn to promote desirable behaviors and reduce unwanted behaviors.
1 : Behavioral Classroom Management
Behavioral classroom management is a type of evidence-based therapy designed to support students’ positive behaviors in the classroom, while preventing negative behaviors, and increasing student academic engagement. In this type of therapy, the child’s teacher participates in delivering the treatment. Behavioral classroom management has received substantial empirical support as an effective therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
2 : Behavioral Peer Interventions
Behavioral peer interventions involve one or more of a student’s peers providing assistance to the child with behavioral problems. A teacher will train a child’s peers to reinforce the child’s positive behaviors and academic performance with social and academic support strategies. This kind of therapy is often used in the school setting and has been shown to provide many benefits to academic, social, and interpersonal development. Participation has also shown to be a positive influence for the peer assistant as well, because it reinforces a sense of responsibility and constructive behavioral changes. Behavioral peer interventions have been proven by science to be effective in treating ADHD.
There are a variety of peer-based behavioral interventions, including: